Hair Loss: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

No one is exempt from losing hair; you see the evidence during your morning shower, near a mirror in the house, and for sure under the sofa—but usually that’s normal. Human hair, on the average, goes through its cycle, with new ones ever ready to replace it.” But losing hair more than what is average may be a sign of a more serious issue that needs medical attention and advanced treatment. Here are some top causes of hair loss, with data on symptoms and recommendations.

Hereditary Hair Loss

Genetic hair loss (androgenetic alopecia) is a major cause of hair loss. It is possible to have it if both parents suffer from hair loss. Women undergoing this experience thinning at the hairline very near the forehead.

Nevertheless, a prudent solution is to use minoxidil, to be applied on the scalp twice a day. The medicine is useful for both men and women. Women ought not to use minoxidil during pregnancy.


Lupus is a serious and long-term autoimmune disease wherein the body’s immune system goes after healthy tissues. The condition has around 1.5 million sufferers. Symptoms include headaches, oral ulcers, fatigue, and swollen joints. Some people report a butterfly-shaped irritation on the nose and heightened sensitivity to the sun. Many people also experience hair loss.

A rheumatologist could give more advice if the hair loss occurs together with joint fatigue, pain, plus other signs of lupus.


The thyroid is a hormone heavily involved in a wide range of roles, from basal metabolic rates to the growth of your hair, nails, and skin. Thus having thyroid in unbalanced amounts may lead to serious changes in bodily functions.

Hypothyroidism (too low levels of hormone) may lead to symptoms such as constipation, depression, fatigue, unexplained weight gain, and difficulty in concentration. Hyperthyroidism (too high levels) may manifest in heart palpitations, nervousness, sudden weight loss, moist skin, irritability, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and a jumpy look in the eyes. Hyperthyroidism is more seldom in occurrence than hypothyroidism.

As a remedy, your doctor may recommend hormone medication to restore thyroid levels to within normal range.

Skin Conditions

Here are some various scalp issues that are connected to hair loss. Examples of skin conditions linked to hair loss are psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), and even some fungal infections.

Seborrheic dermatitis results in the shedding of the skin on the scalp; those affected will notice skin flakes in the form of yellowish scales on their shoulders or the hair. Psoriasis, an autoimmune condition mainly about excessive skin cell turnover, is not just limited to red scaly patches on the body, but also white scales on the scalp. As for ringworm, red patches on your scalp comes soon after acquiring the fungus via contact with an infected person or animal.

Each skin condition requires unique treatment, whether it be a medicated shampoo, medications or light therapy, or oral antifungals, among other treatments.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is yet another autoimmune issue with still-unknown causes where the immune system sees hair follicles as a threat. The condition has three forms. One type causes smooth patches of baldness on the eyebrows, scalp or legs. Total hair loss on the head is another type, while the third known type is hair loss for the entire body.

The condition is usually remedied with corticosteroids, or sometimes with minoxidil (Rogaine). But it’s also good to just keep in check stress levels.

To end, the overall look of your hair doesn’t just sum up your looks. it may give clues about your inner being too! Stop hair loss, see a medical expert today.